IVF is a complex and expensive procedure, it is not like artificial insemination where the sperm is placed in the uterus and conception happens normally. In IVF procedure – eggs and sperm are combined outside the body in a laboratory. Once the embryo forms, it is placed in the uterus. The success of IVF depends upon various factors such as
Age – Your age is the most important success factor for IVF. Women are born with a finite set of eggs which reduces by age. Women below 35 years have higher chances of IVF success. The rate of success will be around 40%. If the women’s age is more with fewer eggs or lower quality then the success rate may reduce to 4%
Earlier pregnancy – Your chances of IVF cycle will be successful if you have conceived previously a child either naturally or with assistance. Recurrent miscarriages can reduce the success rate of IVF, in such case you need to be treated more closely. And other complementary techniques such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis and pre implantation genetic screening may be required along with your main treatment to increase the chances of successful IVF pregnancy.
Types of fertility problems – IVF is an excellent choice for patients with common fertility problems such as endometriosis or blockages of fallopian tubes, issues with ovulation, or male-factor infertility such as low sperm count or motility. Some other fertility issues which are associated with less IVF success are Uterine abnormalities and fibroid tumors, Ovarian dysfunction, Dual infertility factor, duration of time that a couple has been infertile, low ovarian reserve, hormonal imbalances, tumors, Extended ovulation stimulation protocols.
Using donor eggs – Donor eggs are considered when the patient is older than 35 years and the egg reserve is very low or the quality of the egg is poor. There may be a higher rate of IVF success by opting younger donors.
Lifestyle – Many factors are not in your hands which are affecting your pregnancy. But if you want to maximize your chances of conception then you should stop smoking which is impacting the outcome of an IVF cycle. Researches show that people who smoke require twice as many IVF cycles to achieve conception when compared to their non-smoking counterparts. Couples who smoke have serious consequences, the sperm of the male has been found to have reduced fertilizing capacity. For a woman, the aging of the ovaries is faster and uteruses become less receptive.
Overweight also affect IVF success; women who are obese will have a risk of infertility and also miscarriage. At the same time, an underweight woman also has less success rate. So you need to be healthy to undergo any treatment of infertility.
Before choosing the fertility center, consider few factors such as quality of the hospital that uses advanced technology, trained and experienced staff, live birth rate per cycle, laboratory used by the hospital, type of couples that are accepted for the treatment.
The journey of fertility needs a lot of patience; your fertility clinic can do a lot to bring IVF success by paying careful attention to every problem within their control. Many couples are blessed with babies born with the help of IVF and it is an excellent choice for couples who are struggling to get pregnant naturally.