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Getting ready for a newborn is exciting, whether it’s a girl, it’s a boy or maybe twins. Your little one has arrived, and your life is changed forever like magic. But sometimes it could be hard. Therefore learning how to feed your baby, how to make her sleep and understand the constant needs of your baby may keep you on your toes. Here’s your guide which can help to ease your mind.

What happens in the first week?

Life with your baby is pretty simple now. All that the little one requires is eating every two hours and sleeping well, having a clean diaper and get love from everyone. As a new mom just focus on only the essential things you require- the basic needs of the baby. You may consult a lactation consultant who can help you get started nursing. Nurses are also experts to show you how to hold, burp, change and care for your baby.

Learn how to handle a newborn:

Wash your hands before handling your little one because newborns don’t have a strong immune system yet. So they may get infected soon. Give support to the baby’s head and neck. Never ever shake the newborn as it may cause bleeding in the brain or even death. If you want to wake the baby just tickle on the baby’s feet or gently blow on the cheek. Take extra care while traveling with your baby- try to avoid any activity that is rough or bouncy.

Features of the baby:           

It takes a few weeks or months for your little to get a cute chubby look that you are expecting. Your baby is beautiful as she/he is and the little one’s appearance will change after a few weeks.

Bonding:

Bonding is one of the most pleasurable parts of infant care. It happens during the first few days after birth. Physical closeness with the baby can promote an emotional connection. Some types of massages may enhance bonding and promote infant growth and development. You should do a gentle massage as your baby is not as strong as adults.

Babies usually like sounds such as talking, singing, and cooling. Baby rattles and musical toys are other good ways to check your infant’s hearing. If your baby is sensitive to sounds or cries when someone touches, has very less sleep and turns their faces if someone speaks, in such a case keep the sounds at a very low level.

Newborn senses:

Your little one’s senses will start working from the moment she’s born which includes her/ his

Vision- the baby’s vision will be a little blurry. But they can see your face and objects that are close. The range of vision is around 8-12 inches so hold the objects in front of her/him. Sometimes you may notice that the baby’s eyes are crossed, it is because the muscles that control the eye movement are not fully developed. It will take a few weeks to develop so nothing to worry about it.

Hearing- the baby’s hearing is not fully developed. Your baby is familiar with your voice and some other sounds that she often heard in the womb.

Taste- the baby’s sense of taste is fully developed as she/he can differentiate between sweet and bitter.

Smell- soon after the birth the baby can recognize your scent.

Touch- your baby learns the softness of your face through touch and understands that she is loved by those who care for her the most.

Weight loss:

Don’t get scared if your baby loses some weight around 5 to 10%. This happens due to normal post-delivery fluid loss. The weight drop will stop by the time the baby is 5 days old and the baby will regain the weight after 10 to 14 days. Sometimes it may happen due to breastfeeding if your baby is not getting enough milk. So check with your doctor.

Newborn sleep:

The newborn babies sleep for around 14 to 17 hours a day.  On average the newborn sleeps about 16.5 hours and wake up frequently for feedings. Breastfed babies typically eat every 2 to 3 hours and formula-fed babies eat every 3-4 hours.

How much milk does baby needs?

Feed your baby on demand rather by checking the clock. Babies generally eat at least 8 to 12 times. To check whether your baby had enough there are few clues – if the baby is happy and the baby’s weight gain is appropriate,  baby should sleep 1.5 to 2 hours post feed, and whether the baby is making enough dirty diapers(urine) around 6 to 8 times the baby is probably getting enough.

Bathing:

You can give bath to the baby from birth unless the baby’s weight is less than 2.5kgs.  A sponge bath can be given if the weight is below 2.5kgs till umbilical cord falls off and navel heals completely. Keep all the items ready before giving a bath to your baby- a soft towel, mild gentle soap, and shampoo, a clean diaper, clean dry clothes. You can start giving massage to the little one once the umbilical cord falls off.

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