Pregnancy loss is a harsh reality faced by many expecting women. A miscarriage is the loss of pregnancy before 20 weeks. Most of the pregnancy losses happen in the first 12 weeks. This may make you feel emotionally devastating, or you didn’t realize that you are pregnant.
Whenever a miscarriage happens this early, you need not see a doctor immediately, but you need to be sure of all the products of conception have passed (placenta, fetus), and the bleeding should be minimal and you should get your normal menstrual cycles.
Sometimes, the pregnancy tissue remains in the uterus post-miscarriage. If this is not removed by scraping the uterus with a curette, you may have bleeding for a long time and it may also cause infection. If the pregnancy tissue is not passed completely you may experience fever, continuous bleeding, abdominal pain, pelvic pain, and ectopic pregnancy, or if this is your second or third pregnancy loss, then you should see the doctor immediately.
Signs of miscarriage – Though pain and bleeding are very common in early pregnancy, that doesn’t mean you are having a miscarriage. This happens to one in four women, and many will have a healthy baby. If the bleeding is being caused by a miscarriage then there is no treatment to stop it from happening. You need to visit your doctor immediately. The symptoms are like heavy bleeding from vagina, severe pain in the lower belly you may feel like bad menstrual cramps, pregnancy signs like nausea are missing.
What causes miscarriage – A miscarriage occurs due to many reasons which are not in your control. It may happen because of chromosomes, if you have too few or too many chromosomes will affect the development of the baby.
It might have happened because of the developing pregnancy did not embed itself properly in the lining of the uterus. Due to which the natural reaction of the uterus is to expel the non-viable pregnancy.
Miscarriages can sometimes happen because of the health problems in the mother like hormone issues, infections, diabetes, thyroid problem, lupus, smoking, alcohol consumption, or using illegal drugs. Sometimes women’s age also affects the risk of miscarriage. Women in their late 30’s or 40’s are more likely to miscarry than compared to younger women.
Any treatment or surgery required – Usually, it will take about 2 weeks for the remaining tissue to pass out from your body. In case you have bleeding after 2 weeks or you develop an infection then your doctor will give you medicine to make your uterus to release the remaining tissue. You may have heavy bleeding during this time. Your doctor may suggest for D&C (dilation and curettage) or vacuum aspiration- which uses suction through a thin tube.
How to prevent miscarriage – Unfortunately, there is nothing which you can do to prevent a miscarriage. But, what you can do is to consult your doctor to understand the reason for miscarriage and to plan a healthy future pregnancy.
A healthy lifestyle may help you from miscarriage. Few tips that may help you to prevent miscarriage are
- Start taking folic acid pills every day.
- Exercise to keep you fit.
- Eat healthy food
- Do not get stressed
- Manage weight if you are obese
- Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol
- Avoid sports which may cause injury.