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Physiotherapists can work with women to help them prepare their bodies for pregnancy which includes ensuring the body is aligned and ready to carry a baby. Antenatal fitness programme includes breathing techniques, postures and back care, stretches, relaxation techniques and position during labour. Antenatal exercises should be done only after a gynecologist’s consent and under the supervision of an expert.
You should have 4 to 5 ultrasound scans or more during your pregnancy as suggested by your gynecologist, which are usually performed across trimesters. An early pregnancy scan will be done between 6-10 weeks of pregnancy. Nuchal Scan (NT scan) isdone between 11 to 13th week of pregnancy, Anomaly scan between 20-24 weeks of pregnancy and Growth scan between 32-34 weeks of pregnancy.
These scans are important as they assess the risk of the baby being affected by certain chromosomal abnormalities, For example:.
- Check for Down syndrome
- To check on the physical development of the baby.
- To check the amount of amniotic fluid surrounding the baby in the womb.
- To determine the position of the placenta.
Ultrasounds are a special part of pregnancy where you get to see your baby for the 1st time. Depending on when it’s done and the baby’s position, you may be able to see the baby’s hands, legs and other body parts.
A woman who is of an average weight before getting pregnant should gain 12 to 16 kg during pregnancy. Underweight women should gain 13 to 18 kg. And, overweight women may need to gain only 7 to 11 kg during pregnancy.
Yes. Under certain conditions, it is now acceptable for women to attempt a trial of labour (an attempt to deliver the baby vaginally after a previous C-section) in order to complete a vaginal delivery. Many women now have a successful vaginal births after cesarean (known as VBAC). However, it is advisable to do so only under good care at hospitals which are capable of handling high-risk pregnancies, since it involves the risk of uterine rupture.
Ovulation lasts for 12 to 48 hours but you are potentially fertile for up to seven days, and sometimes even up to 10 days, according to the most optimistic studies. Ovulation period/fertile window can be predicted by ovulation kits, scans, blood tests. A sperm can survive up to five days in the female reproductive tract.
- Immunization helps protect you and your family from serious ailments
- Immunization helps reduce the spread of the disease
- Immunization helps prevent you and the baby from hospitalization for life-threatening diseases
Polio, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Flu (influenza), Rotavirus, Chickenpox, Measles, mumps and rubella, Diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough), Hib disease (Haemophilus influenzae Type B), Human papillomavirus (HPV), Bacterial meningitis, Pneumococcal disease.
Neonatal jaundice or newborn jaundice is a common condition that affects close to 60% of the newborns born full term and about 80% of the premature babies.
Neonatal jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the white part of the eyes and skin in a newborn baby due to high bilirubin levels. The common treatment for neonatal jaundice includes phototherapy, exposure to sunlight and cord-blood transfusion.