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Physiotherapists can work with women to help them prepare their bodies for pregnancy including ensuring the body is aligned and ready to carry a baby. Antenatal fitness programme includes breathing techniques, postures and back care, stretches, relaxation techniques and position during labour. Antenatal exercises should be done only after the Gynecologist’s consent and under the supervision of an expert.
You should have 4 to 5 ultrasound scans or more during your pregnancy as suggested by your Gynecologist, which are usually performed at different trimesters. An early pregnancy scan will be done at 6-10 weeks of pregnancy. Nuchal Scan (NT scan) done at 11 to 13th week of pregnancy. Anomaly scan at 20-24 weeks of pregnancy and Growth scan between 32-34 weeks of pregnancy.
These scans are important as they assess the risk of the baby being affected by certain chromosomal abnormalities, e.g.
- Down syndrome.
- To check on the physical development of the baby.
- To check the amount of amniotic fluid surrounding the baby in the womb.
- To determine the position of the placenta.
It is a special part of pregnancy where you get to see your baby for the 1st time. Depending on when it’s done and the baby’s position, you may be able to see the baby’s hands,legs and other body parts.
A woman who is average weight before getting pregnant should gain 12 to 16 kgs after becoming pregnant. Underweight women should gain 13 to 18 kgs. And overweight women may need to gain only 07 to 11 kgs during pregnancy.
Under certain conditions, it is now acceptable for women to attempt a trial of labor (an attempt to deliver the baby vaginally after a previous C-section) in order to complete a vaginal delivery. Many women now have a successful vaginal birth after cesarean (known as VBAC). However, it is advisable to carry out the procedure of pregnancy only at the hospitals which are capable of handling high-risk pregnancies, since it involves the risk of uterine rupture.
The ‘fertile window’ is the day an egg is released from the ovary (ovulation) and the five days beforehand. Having sex (intercourse) during this time gives you the best chance of getting pregnant. Ovulation period/ Fertile window can be predicted by Ovulation kits, scans, blood tests.
Ovulation lasts for 12 to 48 hours, but you are potentially fertile for up to seven days, and maybe up to 10 days, according to the most optimistic studies. Ovulation period/ Fertile window can be predicted by Ovulation kits, scans, blood tests. This is because sperm can survive up to five days in the female reproductive tract.
- Immunization helps protect you and your family from serious ailments
- Immunization helps reduce the spread of the disease
- Immunization helps prevent you from hospitalization for life-threatening diseases
Polio, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Flu (influenza), Rotavirus, Chickenpox, Measles, mumps and rubella, Diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough), Hib disease (Haemophilus influenzae Type B), Human papillomavirus (HPV), Bacterial meningitis, Pneumococcal disease.
Neonatal jaundice or newborn jaundice is a common condition that affects close to 60% newborns born full term and about 80% of premature babies.
Neonatal jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the white part of the eyes and skin in a newborn baby due to high bilirubin levels. The common treatment for neonatal jaundice includes, Phototherapy, Exposure to sunlight and Cord-blood transfusion.