Phototherapy/ Jaundice In Newborns
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How is Jaundice in adults and Jaundice in Newborns different?
- Adults acquire Jaundice due to poor liver functioning, However, newborn jaundice is not due to problems with the liver. Babies are affected with jaundice due to high levels of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a chemical released during the breakdown of the red blood cells.
What causes Newborn Jaundice?
- Increased bilirubin protection due to increased breakdown of fetal erythrocytes (cells that carry hemoglobin/ red blood cells). The increased breakdown is facilitated by the shortened lifespan of fetal erythrocytes and higher erythrocytes mass present in newborns.
- Internal bleeding
- Enzyme deficiency
What are the symptoms of Jaundice in Newborns?
- With an increase in Bilirubin levels the yellowness spreads downwards. Beginning from the head and progressing towards the neck, the chest and the toes (in severe cases)
- Unusual drowsiness
How is Newborn Jaundice treated?
The common treatment for newborn jaundice at Ovum the best neonatal unit in Bangalore includes:
- Phototherapy: Phototherapy refers to the procedure where the infant is exposed to fluorescent light in order to reduce the Bilirubin levels
- Exposure to Sunlight: Exposure to Sunlight is usually recommended in case the Bilirubin level is not too high. However, care must be taken to not expose the baby to too much sunlight as it may damage the skin.
- Blood transfusion: Blood transfusion is required when there us an incompatibility of blood types. The bilirubin levels can rise to extremely high levels, thereby necessitating blood transfusion.