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When it comes to pregnancy, there is a great deal of emphasis placed on making positive dietary and lifestyle changes both before and during the pregnancy. The baby benefits from you taking a good diet, plenty of rest, having low stress levels, and living in a clean environment. To have a healthy pregnancy, you also need to have adequate iodine levels. Iodine shortage might make it more difficult to become pregnant in the first place. Even moderate iodine deficiency, for example, is connected to a nearly 46% lower likelihood of one getting pregnant in each cycle, as well as an increased risk of miscarriage.

 

The nutritional resources are reduced during the postpartum period, as the body is still healing from sleep deprivation and nursing. While many things are beyond a mother’s control, during this time she may bear in mind the essential nutrients her body requires after birth to aid in a healthy recovery. Not only would this benefit her but it will also benefit the baby, especially if she is breastfeeding.

Iodine is a necessary mineral for thyroid, brain, and metabolic function, and it is one of the essential nutrients. Iodine enhances many body functions, from breathing and heart rate to body weight and muscle strength. Sleep difficulties and attention deficits can occur when iodine levels are too low. Depression is also a possibility, as is joint or muscle pain. Women may also have heavier and more frequent periods.

Iodine is essential for a baby’s neurodevelopment as well as preventing thyroid dysfunction in the mother, which is highly prevalent during pregnancy, or hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid. Thyroid hormones are critical for the normal functioning of all of our body’s systems. To satisfy their own and their newborns’ nutritional needs, it is critical that pregnant women continue to have a constant and stable source of iodine during the postpartum period.

Iodine is present in all decent prenatal multivitamins. The need for iodine, however, rises from 250 mcg during pregnancy to 270 mcg while lactation. Mothers require an additional 20 mcg of iodine per day to compensate for their higher iodine requirement. This is to help both the foetus and the mother’s thyroid function.

Due to iodine shortage in the subcontinent’s soil and, as a result, the food obtained from it, India’s whole population is susceptible to Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD). According to a study published in the Indian Journal of Medical Research in 2018, even a modest iodine shortage during pregnancy has irreversible consequences on the foetal neurodevelopment and, as a result, on the young child’s cognitive and learning capacities. On an average, children born in iodine-deficient areas had 13.5 IQ points lower than children born in iodine-sufficient areas. Iodine shortage affects 1.8 billion people worldwide due to low dietary iodine intake. Salt is laced with iodine to mitigate the risk.

Thankfully, incorporating iodine-rich foods into our everyday diet is simple. Eat a wide variety of fresh vegetables and fruits, seafood, dairy, and eggs, which are all healthy sources of iodine, according to experts. Shrimp, corn, iodized salt, and grain goods including bread, fortified pasta, and cereal are also high in iodine.

While iodine is an important part of a healthy diet for both the mother and the baby, too much of it can cause issues. Excessive iodine exposure in breastmilk has been linked to thyroid abnormalities in newborns. This is most commonly caused by a mother taking large doses of iodine supplements or being exposed to topical iodine.

Iodine is a necessary nutrient.

Food, iodized salt, and supplements are all sources of iodine. To create thyroid hormone and avoid hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), you must have appropriate quantities. Every bodily function relies on thyroid hormones. Everything from respiration and heart rate to body weight and muscle strength is on the table. When your levels are too low, you may have difficulties sleeping and concentrating, as well as sadness and joint or muscular pain. Women may also experience heavier, more frequent periods.

Iodine Deficiency: How Common Is It?

According to studies, over 30% of the women in their reproductive age are iodine deficient, with up to half having inadequate iodine levels during pregnancy.

If you have any of the following symptoms, you may be deficient in iodine.

● You’re a vegetarian.

● You are allergic to iodine-rich dairy products and/or shellfish, or you limit your intake.

● You don’t take iodine supplements.

● You’re taking a prenatal vitamin that’s devoid of iodine.

● You are a smoker

How much iodine do you require on a daily basis?

How do you obtain enough iodine if you don’t know your exact levels? Thankfully, there are rules in place to help with this! Your daily iodine intake should be as follows, according to the National Institutes of Health:

● 150 mcg during preconception

● 220 mcg during pregnancy

● 290 mcg during breastfeeding

Conception and Iodine

Healthy iodine levels are required to become pregnant and maintain a healthy pregnancy. Iodine shortage can make it more difficult to conceive in the first place. As mentioned earlier, even moderate iodine deficiency, for example, is associated to a nearly 46% lower probability of falling pregnant each cycle as well as an increased risk of miscarriage. While this may appear frightening, obtaining proper intake reduces the risk. You have options!

Pregnancy and Iodine

During pregnancy, you require approximately 50% extra iodine. According to Medical Center researchers, it’s especially critical during the first trimester, when your baby’s thyroid gland is still developing and unable to make thyroid hormone, which is required for appropriate brain development. Getting enough iodine can also help your child avoid problems with reading comprehension, executive function (such as goal-setting), and language abilities later in life.

Breastfeeding and Iodine

When you’re exclusively nursing, your kid gets all of the iodine they need from you (just like the rest of the nutrition). This means that a breastfeeding mother must pay special attention to acquiring enough iodine, because if she is insufficient, her infant is also at risk of iodine shortage.

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